The rise in disaster is a trend, not an aberration. The extreme weather evets are occurring more frequently and with greater intensity across the world, from severe flooding in China to destructive wildfire in Europe and Hawaii to the hottest month ever on record in July. India already among the world’s most disaster-prone countries.
The government has taken steps to mitigate the effects of disaster they are:
- All the 28 states have prepared their own disaster management plans. The state of Kerla established a disaster management authority that is responsible for coordinating all disaster response efforts.
- India’s early warning system for cyclone covers entire coastline and has helped to reduce cyclone related mortality by 90% over the last 15 years for example the state of Gujrat has developed a disaster preparedness plan that includes evacuation procedures for coastal areas.
- Heat wave action plans have reduced heat wave deaths by over 90% for example the state of Karnataka issue heat wave alerts at least 24 hours in advance of the event through TV, radio etc.
- The recent zero death toll of cyclone Biparjoy in Gujrat demonstrates what can be achieved through effective preparedness, response, and early warning system.
- On the international stage, India’s is promoting disaster resilient infrastructure.
What more to be done:
- one of the cost-effective methods is early warning systems, just 24 hours warning of a coming storm can reduce the damage caused by 30%
- The most ultimate goal should be global multi risk warning system for all kind of hazards whether biological, tectonic or technological.
- Improving global data capabilities will help us predict and respond to the risk we are facing.
- Finally we need to ensure that no one is left behind. We must enhance international cooperation in disaster prevention, response and recovery. The SDGs remain our best blueprint for peace and prosperity.